Essay Sample on Racism
Why Does Racism Still Exist In 21st Century?
Racism is the practice of prejudice treatment with respect to subdivisions that are defined as races. The bias in the treatment makes one group superior over the race that is considered inferior (Benedict, 1983). Racism came about in the nineteenth century, by the British imperial rule all over the world. It identifies a person by physical features such as the skin color. Racism was enhanced by government policies; the national policies that were developed concerning color segregation were mainly to oppress the African Americans and native Indians in the United States. However, there has been great opposition towards racism. Though leaders like Malcolm X, Martin Luther King Junior, Ida B. Wells amongst others have fought for equal rights irrespective of one’s race and made significant strides, racism is still seen to be in existence in the twenty first century.
One of the reasons that racism has not been abolished in contemporary times is denial. In America, a person is first characterized into their race in daily activities. There is denial in that the bias is being practiced on the basis of skin color. Moreover, individuals choose to ignore this vice than to condemn it out rightly (Fluehr-Lobban, 2005). Racism in contemporary times has altered its meaning to focus on whites as being superior. There are other forms of racism such as superiority in sports like basket ball by the blacks. This is based on ideological beliefs that genetic prowess exists in some races. Though often overlooked than popular definitions of racism that is based on white skin superiority over blacks, this contributes to the transformation of racism in the twenty first century. The denial of the transformation of racism has enhanced its growth in several other forms.
Secondly, racism aggregates superiority of the dominant race. The latter enjoys privileges’ such as power dominance in social relations (Brown & Miles, 2003). Relinquishing such treatment by incorporating equality is a practice that is being resisted by those that gain socially from its propagation. Resources in the world are scarce, in order to compete, groups such as kinship that identifies persons in races is created. This ensures that the superior group benefits more than others that are considered inferior, hence, the continued persistence of the practice of racism in modern times (Hall, 2008).
Lastly, psychology that western culture and ideals are superior over the other ways of living has enhanced the practice of racism in contemporary times. Persons living abroad are forced either culturally or socially to adapt into the cultures that they find in the west. Individuals through psychological coercion internalize and adapt western cultures which are seen to be more developed in the world. The pressure of assimilation is depicted through hierarchical subjugation. There exist an attitude of generalized other, where a person having distanced themselves from their native families that give their original identity, in an attempt to develop either through schooling or other activities, try to fit in the western environment by adapting western culture. This enhances racism in the sense that such persons consider themselves as developed individuals that western dominance portrays in their culture (Hall, 2008).
In conclusion, racism in the twenty first century exists attributed to its evolving practice and the cultural stereotype psychology that is being propagated globally. The denial of the ever evolving face of racism is another factor that has ensured the continued practice of racism in contemporary times.
- Benedict, R., & Rex, J. (1983). Race and racism. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
- Brown, M., & Miles, R. ( 2003). Racism. New York: Routledge.
- Fluehr-Lobban, C. (2005). Race and racism: An introduction. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield.
- Hall, R. E. (2008). Racism in the 21st century: An. New York: Springer.